Records a performance of the Balinese ceremonial kris (dagger) dance-drama, which depicts the never-ending struggle between witch (death-dealing) and dragon (life-protecting), as it was given in the village of Pagoetan in the late 1930s. The dancers experience violent trance seizures, turn their krises against their breasts without injury, and are restored to consciousness with incense and holy water. Narrated by Margaret Mead against a background of Balinese music. From the Character Formation in Different Cultures series. Produced by Gregory Bateson and Margaret Mead. 1952 (anthropology)
Documentary portrait of Eduardo Calderon, "Eduardo the Healer," a fisherman, sculptor, and shaman who, like Casteneda's Don Juan, uses incantations, psychology, and hallucinogenic drugs to practice his healing art among the villagers of Peru. Shown as a wise, warm, fascinating man of exceptional character, Eduardo the Healer, through his views of the human psyche, suggests there is more to the practice of medicine than modern technology admits. English subtitles are used when Spanish is spoken. Directed by Richard Cowan. (anthropology)
A satire on the basic processes of data gathering in cultural anthropology. Chronicles the field research of a fictitious ethnographer embarking on his first field experience. Spirit of Ethnography presents a humorous view of anthropologists making fun of themselves and classic ethnographic films. Directed by O.M. Watson. Anthropology/Archaeology
Cross-cultural comparisons show the interplay during bathing between mother and child in three different settings: a Sepik River community in New Guinea, an American home, and a mountain village in Bali. From the Character Formation in Different Cultures series. Produced by Gregory Bateson and Margaret Mead. F
A program based on a lecture by R.L. Birdwhistell to the American Anthropological Association, demonstrating the context control method for comparative analysis of cross-cultural situations. Short film excerpts illustrate the interaction of members of families with each other and with animals in zoos in England, France, Italy, Hong Kong, India, Japan, and the United States. An epilogue illustrates observer and, particularly, cameraman biases in recording interactional data. Produced by the Eastern Pennsylvania Psychiatric Institute. R.L. Birdwhistell and J.D. Van Vlack.
Depicts sibling rivalry among children of the same age in the two cultures of Bali and New Guinea by showing how they respond to the mother attending to another baby, the ear piercing of a younger sibling, and the experimental presentation of a doll. From the Character Formation in Different Cultures series. Produced by Gregory Bateson and Margaret Mead. 1954
Ethnographic documentary about the Barabaig, a semi-nomadic people who live in northern Tanzania and rely upon cattle for their subsistence. The Barabaig concept of a "cattle complex" with its cluster of cultural behavior patterns is illustrated by payment of a cattle fine by men tried and convicted in a women's court. In addition, a sacrifice of a bull, a Barbaig wedding ceremony, and a boy's circumcision ritual are discussed. Produced by Dr. George J. Klima.
Shows different healing ceremonies among the Tumbuka of Malawi, who attribute illness (vimbuza) to spirit possession. Documents nightlong exorcism rituals of singing, clapping, and drumming during a full moon, culminating in an animal sacrifice (chilopa) at dawn. Portrays the interaction of patients, healers, and village community, and includes an interview with a patient. Filmmakers: Drs. Rupert and Ulrike Poeschl.
This series of scenes in the life of a Balinese child, beginning with a seventh-month birthday ceremonial, shows Karba's relationships to parents, aunts and uncles, child nurse, and other children as he is suckled, taught to walk and dance, teased, and titillated. From the Character Formation in Different Cultures series. Produced by Gregory Bateson and Margaret Mead. 1952
This historical documentary, filmed in Jamaica, focuses on the Maroons, direct descendants of escaped African slaves who formed rebel communities in the Blue Mountains. After a hundred years of guerrilla warfare against the British, they won freedom and political autonomy. Illustrates aspects of their unique and original West African heritage that are now at odds with the pressures of modern social and economic change. Directed and produced by Jefferson Miller.
Traces the beginning of a Balinese infant's awareness of dance movement by visual and kinesthetic imitation in a session performed by Mario, a celebrated Balinese dancer, in the late 1930s. Margaret Mead's extemporaneous narration is her last audio recording, made several months before her death. From the Character Formation in Different Cultures series. Produced by Gregory Bateson and Margaret Mead. 1978
William "Bineshi" Baker is one of the last of the Ojibwa Indian people to continue the art of drummaking. Step by step he constructs a dance drum, dehairing the hides for drumheads, utilizing an old washtub for a frame, and making elaborate decorations for the drum from cloth, fur, beadwork, and ribbon. He expresses his beliefs about tradition as well as his frustration with others who will not take the time to follow it. Filmed at the Lac Court Oreilles Reservation in northern Wisconsin. From the Smithsonian Folklife Studies Monograph / Film series. Produced by the Smithsonian Institution Office of Folklife Programs. The Smithsonian Folklife Studies Monograph, The Ojibwa Dance Drum: Its History and Construction book by Thomas Vennum, Jr., 1982, is included with the program.
Explores the origins and symptoms of the folk illness, mal aire, a serious malady that frequently afflicts children living in the Ecuadorian Andes. Mothers and folk healers describe and demonstrate a number of protective strategies and rituals that "clean" the body, ridding it of the evil force. This tape provides insight into the principles underlying Andean ethnomedical beliefs. Produced by the Archaeological Museum of the Central Bank of Ecuador and Lauris McKee.
Study of a Balinese family and the ways in which the father and mother treat the three youngest children: lap baby, knee baby, and child nurse. Shows the father giving the baby his breast, behavior of the knee baby during the lap baby's absence, and difficulties of the child nurse in caring for the youngest. From the Character Formation in Different Cultures series. Produced by Gregory Bateson and Margaret Mead. 1951
This series of scenes, beginning immediately after the birth of a baby in New Guinea and before the cord is cut, shows the way the newborn is fed by a wet nurse, bathed, anointed with earth, and carried. Emphasizes the infant's readiness to respond. Also contains scenes from the first and fifth days after birth. From the Character Formation in Different Cultures series. Produced by Gregory Bateson and Margaret Mead.
An overview of the principal tectonic units and the geologic development of the southern third of Africa, starting with the oldest rocks so far discovered, which date back 3.8 billion years. Highlights include the Barbeton Mountainland, the Witwatersrand, Transvaal and Great Karroo Basins, the Limpopo Mobile Belt, the Great Dike of Zimbabwe, and the Bushveld Igneous Complex. Introductory comments by Brian J. Skinner of Yale University. From the Geology of Southern Africa series.
In Ghana, West Africa, the king of the Ashanti Nation has died, and the nation's chiefs and other followers gather at the capital, Kumasi, to pay their respects to the dead king and to welcome his successor. This program portrays the grandeur of the eight-day funeral celebration and documents the traditional practices, dances, music, dress, and symbols of rank and position that bind the nation together. Shows the transfer of kingship through the "ceremony of the golden stool." Produced by Robert Lang and Jennifer Hodge.
Shows how the Miskito Indians of eastern Nicaragua have entered a market economy, pursuing sea turtles not for food, as in the past, but for cash. Ecological and cultural changes provide a case study in cultural ecology, acculturation, and development. Anthropologist: Brian Weiss. Produced by James Ward.
A violent outburst occurs in a Yanomamo village in southern Venezuela, resulting in a club and axe fight. This documentary begins with an unedited record of the event, then moves to a slow-motion replay during which combatants are identified and their behavior explained. Next, an anthropologist explains the kinship structure of the fight and cleavages in local descent groups in the village. Lastly, an edited version of the fight illustrates how strongly intellectual models influence visual perception. From the Yanomamo series. Timothy Asch and Napoleon Chagnon. A limited supply of VHS tapes. Final sale only.
Papua New Guinea has undergone tremendous socio-political upheaval and change in this century. In particular, dramatic cultural shifts occurred from the 1970's to the 1990's. A Death To Pay For articulately captures these often painful transitions within a series of interviews following a drunken melee and murder of a young man. 100 page booklet and discussion questions for teachers included.
Documents the role of griottes as keepers of the oral tradition in the Sahel region of West Africa. Explains that these women appear at installations of chiefs, weddings, and naming ceremonies to chant the praises of the participants, reminding audiences of society's ties to the past and offering individuals guidance for the future. Interviews with Songhay griottes in Niger provide insights into their training, activities, and rewards. Written and produced by Thomas A. Hale, Penn State, and directed by Marie Hornbein for Penn State Television / WPSX-TV.
A look at the work of Professor Barry Cunliffe and a team of archaeologists who have been excavating and investigating the 2,500-year-old Celtic hill fort of Danebury in Hampshire, England. These scientists, using sophisticated research tools, tease out the secrets of Danebury to provide a picture of Celtic society that is every bit as rich as the cultures of ancient Egypt, Greece, and Rome. Produced by the BBC for the Horizon series.
Documents daily life of the Hanunoo, a group of mountain jungle farmers on the island of Mindoro, Philippines, including food production methods and household, leisure, and socioreligious activities. Sound track contains Hanunoo music but no English narration. Print material available and necessary. Directed by H.C. Conklin.
Birth and Belief in the Andes of Ecuador is an intimate portrait of women living in the Andes of Ecuador; their beliefs and practices surrounding childbirth. Deprived until recently of modern medical care rural Andean women have managed their reproductive practices based on an ethnomedical system that uses pre-Columbian magical elements. Although based on folk medicine the prescribed practices usually confer real physical and emtional benefits to mothers and their children.
In Papua New Guinea, status is earned by giving things away rather than by acquiring them. This program explores the moka, a ceremony in which people, sometimes whole tribes, give gifts to members of other tribes. The larger the gift, the greater the victory over the recipient. From the Disappearing World series. Anthropologist: Andrew Strathern. English subtitles are used when local dialects are spoken.
Depicts members of the Meaders family conducting their pottery business in Cleveland, Georgia, using techniques unchanged since 1893 to dig and grind the clay, and then throwing, glazing, and firing the crocks and pitchers. They discuss each step and the attitudes of folk potter "holdouts" toward piecing, brick kilns, homemade tools, clay mixtures, and glazes. From the Smithsonian Folklife Studies Monograph / Film series. Produced by the Smithsonian Institution Office of Folklife Programs.
Why do human beings have the ability to to into a trance state? Is there an evolutionary or genetic componet to this ability? What effect does shamanistic ritual have on human health? Should alternative healing practices be subjected to federal law? Through interviews with physicians, patients, and alternative healers, Wondrous Healing explores the relationships among shamanistic ritual, belief, and human health.
Produced by the Institute for Development Anthropology. As on many rivers in the tropical developing world, dam constructions on the Senegal--or rather, conventional dam management strategies, threaten not only the riverine environment but also human rights and economic productivity of hundreds of thousands of people, whose livelihoods depend on the annual flooding of the plain.
Song (ndando) functions in a wide variety of ways for the Chopi of Mozambique. In this performance by Chopi composer Venancio Mbande, the ballad-like text alludes poetically to an event in his family history in which his sister is accidentally and brutally murdered. As the narration presents the underlying events that led up to this tragedy, some sense of the relationship between performance of song and the larger social world of the Chopi can be gained. Also see The Chopi Timbila Dance (40354). Narrated and interpreted by Champ Ramohuebo. Directed and produced by Gei Zantzinger.
Although onggi pots and jars have been used for centuries by Koreans for the storage of foodstuffs, such as the national delicacy kim-chi, the creators of this handmade pottery have worked at their craft in relative obscurity. Archival photographs and historical film footage provide a detailed look at the unique skills and construction techniques of these artisans. From the Smithsonian Folklife Studies Monograph / Film series. Produced by the Smithsonian Institution Office of Folklife Programs.
Shows how cultural anthropologists do their work. Anthropologist Napoleon Chagnon collects field data and explores some of the personal problems he faced in his work with the Yanomamo Indians of southern Venezuela. Designed as a companion to Chagnon's book. (Ref: Chagnon, N.A., Studying the Yanomamo, NY: Holt, Rinehart & Winston, 1974.) From the Yanomamo series. Timothy Asch and Napoleon Chagnon.
Describes the work of an extraordinary Salesian priest, Padre Cocco, who for many years attempted to soften the impact of civilization on a Yanomamo village on the Ocamo River in Venezuela. From the Yanomamo series. Timothy Asch and Napoleon Chagnon A limited supply of VHS tapes. Final sale only.
Documents an American rural tradition, the estate auction. Reveals the personal, social, and economic processes involved when a family in a rural Pennsylvania community dissolves its homestead, which in this case consisted of the last general store in town, the adjoining home, and the contents of both. Script included. Directed and produced by Robert Aibel, Ben Levin, Chris Musello, and Jay Ruby.
Demonstrates some of the research results obtained from the application of the Cambridge Behavioral and Neurological Assessment Scales to normal newborns in hospital nurseries. Indicates that there are standard differences in temperament or behavior among babies from different ethnic backgrounds -- Caucasian, Navajo, Aborigine, African -- and that such differences among humans are biological as well as cultural. Tests include the Moro startle response, the newborn's wailing response, and the infant's ability to control its head and neck muscles. Produced by Daniel G. Freedman.
The Mayan site of Tikal in the Guatemalan jungle provides an introduction to classic Mayan civilization through its architecture and carvings. The film examines an excavation of a domestic house mound. Directed by Karl Heider.
Northern Paiute Indians have lived near the Stillwater marshes of western Nevada for generations. Called "cattail-eaters," they subsisted on fish, waterfowl, eggs, tule reeds, and cattails. This program focuses on Wuzzie George and members of her family constructing a duck egg bag, cattail house, duck decoy, and tule boat. The narration by Wuzzie's granddaughter and son includes reminiscences of many aspects of traditional Paiute life that have disappeared. From the Smithsonian Folklife Studies Monograph / Film series. Produced by the Smithsonian Institution Office of Folklife Programs.
Delves into events that defy scientific principles and provide the foundations for folk beliefs in near-death experiences; visions of angels, demons, and ghostly apparitions; contact with the dead; precognitive dreams; and out-of-body experiences. The program's executive producer, sociologist James McClenon, shares findings from his ten-year study of supernatural phenomena, pointing out that these events are common and universal regardless of differences in cultures. Directed and produced by Emily Edwards.
A headman of a Yanomamo village in southern Venezuela weaves a hammock while his wife and baby watch. From the Yanomamo series. Timothy Asch and Napoleon Chagnon.
Dedicated members of the New Tribes Mission attempt to teach the Yanomamo Indian children of Bisaasi-teri in southern Venezuela. The missionaries describe their philosophy and methods for acculturating the Yanomamo to Western ways and Christianity. From the Yanomamo series. Napoleon Chagnon.
Documents the procedures and theories involved in one of the largest archaeological excavations and reconstructions undertaken in the Americas. Dr. William T. Sanders of Penn State University conducted the project at and around Copan, a major urban center of Mayan culture in western Honduras. The film suggests an interpretation of the conditions that caused the decline of Mayan civilization and draws parallels with current conditions in the area. Directed and produced by Dr. William Uricchio of Penn State University.
Overview of the austere and ultraconservative Old-School Baptists who once thrived in Roxbury, New York, but who have virtually disappeared. Interviews with people who grew up in the Roxbury church, the town historian, a denomination librarian, a minister, and university and seminary professors create a portrait of Old-School Baptist philosophy, rites, music, and architecture. Evokes a time when life was simpler and religious life was the basis of a deep sense of community. Produced by Leandra Little.
A visual documentation of the art of basketmaking as practiced by Mary Adams, a nationally recognized Mohawk artist. Step by step she creates a basket, shaving and dying the black ash splints, and then weaving them into intricate designs while narrating the story of her youth and of her people's struggle to survive. The paintings of Iroquois artist Ernest Smith serve to illustrate the historical use of Indian baskets. Filmed at Akwesasne, the St. Regis Reservation in upstate New York. Produced by Frank Semmens.
Four centuries ago, the Spaniards sought gold in Colombia, tried to enslave the Embera Indians, and massacred them when they resisted. Today the remaining Embera have been pushed to the headwaters of a remote jungle river where, in the face of further pressure, they have nowhere else to go. From the Disappearing World series. Anthropologist: Ariane Deluz.
Documents subsistence and ceremonial activities among uncultured Indians in the eastern uplands of Peru. Describes the annual cycle of shifting cultivation, native techniques for processing maize, and a harvest ceremony. Directed by Gertrude Dole.
The Inuits (Eskimos) of Pond Inlet, a new village built by the Canadian government on Baffin Island, talk about their lives, their land, and the changes forced upon them by the encroaching culture of the "powerful and frightening" whites, who hire them as laborers and place their children in government schools. From the Disappearing World series. Anthropologist: Hugh Brody. No narration; English subtitles are used when local dialects are spoken. A limited supply of VHS tapes. Final sale only.
Uses firsthand accounts to create a unique portrait of life in China, which is home to a quarter of the world's population. Shows the effects on two families, the Dings and the Zhus, who live near Wuxi in southwest China, of the social and political changes taking place in their country. From the Disappearing World series. Anthropologist: Barbara Hazard. English subtitles are used when local dialects are spoken. A limited supply of VHS tapes. Final sale only.
Recorded during a two-year period in the Guatemalan town of Chichicastenango, this program features Quiche Indians observing a mid-December religious ceremony honoring Santo Tomas, the town's patron saint. The ceremony was recorded inside the more than 400-year-old church of Santo Tomas, at the Indian Auxiliary Office, and at the ancient stone idol of Pascual Abaj, or Turkaj. The ritual reflects the syncretistic mix of Mayan and folk-Catholic elements prevalent in Guatemala. Produced by Claudia Feldmar for Camara 2.
Comalapa is one of Guatemala's "purest" Indian villages, a town of ancient rites and customs that has remained relatively unchanged over the centuries. This program covers a number of topics: a Cackcique Indian courtship and a wedding ceremony, localpainters and weavers, and cofradias. Cites the gradual disappearance of cofradias, ritual brotherhoods organized in honor of a saint that are considered an indispensable part of manhood and the only legitimate route to community status. Produced by Claudia Feldmar, Camara 2.
Examines the art of pysanky, the Ukrainian tradition of "egg writing," in Carnegie, Pennsylvania. A pre-Christian practice to which Christian symbolism later was introduced, the Easter holiday custom of pysanky creates eggs that are used in religious celebrations and given as gifts, and traditionally were placed near houses and barns to ward off evil spirits. In Carnegie, the art is promoted with egg-writing classes, contests, and folk festivals. Directed and produced by Ben Levin.
A detailed geologic history of the development of the lower Proterozoic basin in southern Africa and the deposition of the famous gold- and uranium-bearing quartz-pebble conglomerates. Offers examples of sedimentary environments from different parts of the world to demonstrate deposition of the clastic sediments that now fill the basin. Introductory and closing remarks by Brian J. Skinner of Yale University. From the Geology of Southern Africa series.
Series of six programs on 3 DVD's DVD No. 1 Volume 1 : POMPEII Pompeii was buried beneath a mountain of wet ash when Mt. Vesuvius erupted in 79 AD. Much of Pompeii, its people, its art and structures are preserved for us to study because of the seal this ash created around the city. Using superb 3D Graphics and computer animation, this Video takes the student back to the city as it was and uses the latest views of the ruins to offer a history lesson unique in every way. Volume 2: STONEHENGE This is an incredible monument dating from around 2,800 BC. Using the very latest in advanced computer animation, this Video lets the student step back in time to see the origin of the stones and the monument in its original form. Leading authors explain the latest theories and known facts about one of the great treasures of the ancient world. DVD No. 2 Volume 3: THE AZTECS AND THE MAYANS Although the Aztec capital was razed, many descriptions of Aztec life exist. Famed for their incredible architectural achievements, the Aztec legacy lives on in modern Mexico City. The peaceful, nomadic Mayan people bequeathed to us some of the world's great temples including Chichen-Itza and Copan. Volume 4: ANCIENT ROME A complete history of ancient Rome, using the latest in computer animation, authentic filmed recreations, period imagery and location footage. Learn how Caesar Augustus "Found it a city of brick and left it a city of marble." See how power seized by the good was corrupted by those who inherited it. View the structures, still standing today, where gladiators fought, Christians died and law was developed. Recognize the many contributions of ancient Rome, as the foundation of our Western Civilization. DVD No. 3 Volume 5: HADRIAN'S WALL The Roman Emperor Hadrian ordered the construction of a wall which would mark the northern boundary of the mighty Roman Empire. Built during the Roman occupation of Britain, the wall was a last outpost. It meant the end of civilization and a separation from the barbarians. Volume 6: THE GREAT PYAMIDS The burial sites of the mighty Pharaohs of Egypt are still one of the most awe-inspiring sights in the world today. This Video gives us a look at the Egyptian culture, which rose up around the Nile. It took so many, so long to build them that a whole, associated industry evolved from construction of the Pyramids.
Documents excavation of a Maidu Indian village in California by a group of UCLA faculty and students. As students work in the pit, they provide a review of step-by-step ground preparation, setting up a grid system, preservation of the stratigraphy, and analysis of the artifacts coordinated with extant historical records. Adviser: James Sackett. Directed by Tony Gorsline and produced by Donald Miller and Peter Schnitzler.
Examines the ecology of the rural Philippines, describing the physical environment, housing, and the complexity of relationships among cultural patterns. Looks at the limited technology of village industries and at food production, including wet rice,vegetable, and fruit cultivation. Notes the effect of poor diets on the health and growth of children. Produced by George M. Guthrie of Penn State University.
In the 1920s, Russian peasants from the countryside began migrating to Moscow in search of employment. Seeking diversion from their hard labor, they borrowed from earlier years the concept of pyatachok, the place where rural young people held Sunday dances, and transformed it into a common event in the capital's principal parks. These migrants tell how pyatachok helped them preserve a sense of community in the city. Dubbed in English.
Designed to give students and professionals who have not had extensive Third World experience a clearer idea of the ecology of malnutrition. Shot in a rural Philippines community, the film covers infant-feeding practices and shows the difficulties a family faces due to poverty, limited home production of food, and inadequate supplies of pure water. Produced by George M. and Helen A. Guthrie of Penn State University.
Details the excavation of this Early Bronze Age settlement, located on the Anatolian Plateau (Turkey), by the German Archaeological Institute. The excavation methodology is shown: setting up a grid system (shown on-site and as a model), removing and cleaning artifacts, and examining and partially analyzing plant and animal remains. Current life in a neighboring village is examined and compared to life in prehistoric times. Produced by the Institut fur den Wissenschaftlichen Film.
Explores the unique and colorful world of kathputli puppet theater as it is maintained and performed by itinerant families in Rajasthani, India. Puppeteers demonstrate the construction and manipulation of the wood-and-string creations used in this ancient art form. Includes a performance of the legend of the Rajput chief Amar Singh Rathor. From the Smithsonian Folklife Studies Monograph / Film series. Produced by the Smithsonian Institution Office of Folklife Programs. Also see Our Asian Neighbors: India -- Puppeteer (24471).
Dedeheiwa, from Mishimishimabowei-teri in southern Venezuela, tells how one of the ancestors, Naro (opossum), initiated the use of harmful magic and killed his brother in a fit of passionate jealousy over the latter's two beautiful wives. From the Yanomamo series. Napoleon Chagnon.
The headman of Bisaasi-teri in southern Venezuela tells the same myth as Dedeheiwa, but in a slightly different way, thus providing the basis for a comparative examination of two versions of the myth told by knowledgeable men from different villages. From the Yanomamo series. Napoleon Chagnon. A limited supply of VHS tapes. Final sale only.
Dedeheiwa, a prominent Yanomamo Indian in a southern Venezuela village, recites the myth of the origin of man from the blood of the moon. Illustrates the Yanomamo personality and use of descriptive language in the mythology of their culture. From the Yanomamo series. Napoleon Chagnon Anthropology. A limited supply of VHS tapes. Final sale only.
The Cebu Institute of Medicine, a medical school in the Philippines, directs a rural training program in which all medical students participate as part of their clinical instruction. Combining the principles of general clinical practice and public health, students learn how to work with patients, their families, and the community. Health problems common to rural areas of developing countries illustrate the ramifications of poverty, poor diet, water shortages, and exposure to infection. Produced by George M. and Helen A. Guthrie of Penn State University.
Presents one aspect of the daily life in a Yanomano village of Dedeheiwa, a renowned shaman and headman, and his family. From the Yanomamo series. Timothy Asch and Napoleon Chagnon.
A prominent Yanomamo headman of southern Venezuela kills a tapir and presents it to his brothers-in-law, who comprise an important political bloc in the village, as a gift designed to reinforce a shaken alliance. Shows the preparation and distributionof meat along dominance and kinship lines. Also see Meat Fight (21770) for cross-cultural comparisons. From the Yanomamo series. Timothy Asch and Napoleon Chagnon.
Traces humankind's need for adornment and the great technical skills involved in jewelry making from prehistoric times to the present. Presents some remarkable examples of jewelry of historical interest, along with prime examples of the jeweler's craft. Based on an exhibition of the same name staged by the British Museum.
Considers the music of Africa's Kriolu people, descendants of Portugese colonists and African slaves. Explains that on the Kriolus' home of Santiago Island in Cape Verde, the dance music of Tabanka, Funana, and Batuko still persists from earlier times, and was developed through the creolization of African and European music genres. Also focuses on the Badiu, runaway slaves who defended their freedom on Santiago Island, and describes the difficult living conditions there brought on by persistent drought and a weak local economy. Narrated, directed, and produced by Gei Zantzinger.
Using an ingenious climbing frame, a young Yanomamo Indian of southern Venezuela carefully ascends a spiny peach palm tree to harvest the fruit. From the Yanomamo series. Timothy Asch and Napoleon Chagnon.
Looks at daily wood collecting in the Yanomamo Indian tribe of southern Venezuela: A woman patiently and strenuously chops up a large log for firewood. Graphically demonstrates cultural differences in the concept of "women's work." From the Yanomamo series. Timothy Asch and Napoleon Chagnon
A group of Yanomamo Indian boys imitate their fathers. They pretend to be shamans, blowing ashes into each other's noses and chanting to the Hekura spirits. See Magical Death (33034) for the actual ritual conducted by these southern Venezuelan Indians. From the Yanomamo series. Timothy Asch and Napoleon Chagnon.
Presents a Yanomamo Indian play session during the rainy season with approximately twenty women and children from the village of Mishimishimabowei-teri in southern Venezuela. From the Yanomamo series. Napoleon Chagnon
Produced by I. Dunlop c 1965
A large group of Yanomamo boys in southern Venezuela engage in an arrow fight in a village clearing, shooting blunt arrows at each other to learn dodging, aiming, and release. From the Yanomamo series.
Ethnographic study of the Hawazma Baggara, cattle pastoralists in the Sudan, during the rainy season. Shows a variety of activities: building houses and sun shelters, milking and marketing, animal husbandry, political meetings, feasts, and afternoon socializing. The program, recorded in South Kordofan, Sudan, was shot on Super-8 film and retains filmic quality in its video format. Anthropologist and writer: Barbara J. Michael, University of Alabama.
Working within the Native-American tradition of the Canadian Northwest, Joe David has become one of the strong contemporary links in the preservation and reinvention of the art of the northwestern Pacific coast's indigenous population. This program follows David's creative process, from carving and finishing a magnificent wolf headdress from a block of cedar to its ultimate use as a ceremonial mask worn by the artist himself in a haunting dance that concludes the videotape. Produced by Robert Lang.
Women in Clay: The Potters of LaChamba is a study of the centuries old-folk village craft of low fired pottery, and an exploration of a culture influenced by encroaching civilization. Through a collection of color and black and white photographs taken over 35 years, the story of the production of black refractory pottery is documented. This 2000 year old method results in water and fire-proof pottery in one firing. ¬©2001 Larry Kruckman
In 1973 workers cut into what would become an archaeological site of extraordinary interest. It was not just a single deposit - three deeply buried cultural layers were gradually defined, one on top of the other. The deepest lay 26 feet below the surface! The remains of bison suggested these were hunting camps or places where bison had been trapped and killed a very long time ago. As excitement grew over the discovery, scientists from other institutions aided in the investigation. Radiocarbon dates showed that the cultural layers dated 6300, 7400, and 8500 years old. An interdisciplinary research team began to work out the complex questions of the climate, terrain, and plant, animal and human life in the region 8000 years before Columbus discovered America. The video traces the history of the project from field excavation through laboratory analysis and highlights the contributions of paleontologists, climatologists, geologists, and palynologists. The excavation sequences intrigue the viewer and lead to revealing discussions and interpretations of an important part of America's heritage.
This film documents a Hindu religious festival called Thaipusam, which is celebrated each year near Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. It notes that, weeks before, devotees gather to prepare themselves spiritually and to construct the Kavadis, or highly decorated shoulder poles, which they will carry at the festival to fulfill their vows. The film also shows groups of worshippers who offer the sacrifice of piercing their bodies with long needles and hooks and are led by a guru skilled in inducing trance states brought on by rhythmic music, dance and expectation which prevent worshippers from feeling pain. It describes the trance as a state of grace, very pleasurable, "like floating in the air, followed by the wind."
The residents of Antigua, Guatemala, and thousands of visitors participate annually in a Holy Week celebration, combining Catholic doctrine with Indian traditions and values. This program highlights the eight-hour Nazarene of La Merced Procession and the Descent of the Cross in the School of Christ. Hundreds of robed men and women carrying the great anda (a 7,000-pound float with an image of Christ bearing the cross) tread across elaborate rugs spread in front of churches, homes, and in plazas. Produced by Claudia Feldmar, Camara 2. (religion, anthropology)
100 page companion booklet to the Huchol Indian video. Includes author's research and bibliography. Find out why the Huichol ceremonial peyote use may not have been as extensive as orginally thought. Print material